9 May 2000 Interrogative and Exclamative Pronouns, in L'Huillier, Advanced French Grammar

presentation of L'Huillier's work, by Corry Shores

[Subsection headings are my own]

Monique L'Huillier

Advanced French Grammar

1. Framework

1.1 Parts of Speech

1.1.7 Pronouns Interrogative and Exclamative Pronouns


Interrogative pronouns are formed similarly to the relative pronouns. They may be nominal or representative.



(i) Nominal Interrogative Pronouns



We use nominal interrogative pronouns to ask about some element’s identity or qualities:

qui? que? qui est-ce qui ? qui est-ce que ? qu’est-ce qui ? qu’est-ce que ?


Qui est là? Qu’est-ce que vous voulez?

Who’s there? What do you want?



(ii) Representative Interrogative Pronouns



We use representative interrogative pronouns to ask about previously mentioned things: lequel, laquelle, lesquels, lesquelles


De ces deux voitures, laquelle préférez-vous?

Of these two cars, which one do you prefer?



Note we also use representative interrogative pronouns as exclamative pronouns.


Je n’ai qu’un chat mais lequel!

I’ve only got one cat, but what a cat!

L'Huillier, Monique. Advanced French Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
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