6 Jan 2009

Spinoza's Ethics Part 1, Axiom 3

[the following is quotation; my summary and commentary is in brackets. The Latin text comes last.]

Spinoza, Ethics

Part I "Concerning God"

Axiom III:

III. From a given definite cause an effect necessarily follows ; and, on the other hand, if no definite cause be granted, it is impossible that an effect can follow.

[All causes produce effects, and there is no effect without a cause.]

From the Latin:

III. Ex data causa determinata necessario sequitur effectus, & contra, si nulla detur determinata causa, impossibile est, ut effectus sequatur.

Spinoza. Ethics. Transl. Elwes. available online at:


Spinoza. Ethica. available online at:


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