3 Feb 2017

Luhtala (5.4) On the Origin of Syntactical Description in Stoic Logic, “Evaluation”, summary


by Corry Shores


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[The following is summary. All boldface and bracketed commentary are my own. Paragraph enumerations are also my own, but they follow the paragraph breaks in the text. Please forgive my distracting typos, as proofreading is incomplete.]




Summary of


Anneli Luhtala


On the Origin of Syntactical Description in Stoic Logic


Ch.5 The Stoics


5.4 Evaluation




Brief summary:

Stoic logic did not catch on, partly due to its focus on linguistics. It was overshadowed by Peripatetic logic until the 20th century. Only recently has it gained the respect and attention it deserves.







[Stoic logic’s focus on linguistic issues led to it not being widely adopted.]


Stoic logic never really caught on in ancient Greece. In fact, it was heavily criticized by other ancient thinkers. Galen for example “accused the Stoics for paying more attention to linguistic expressions than to what they meant (Inst. log. 11,5ff.)” (64).




[Even though the majority of Chrysippus’ works are on logic, most preserved quotations from his texts are in his other topics.]


“Chrysippus devoted more than a third of his books to logic (262 books as opposed to 443 on others) (Gould 1970: 47).” Nonetheless, only 76 of his quotations regarding logic have been preserved, while 400 others on his ethics and physics were preserved (65).




[Stoic logic has for long been overshadowed by Peripatetic logic and only recently has gained the attention and respect it deserves.]


This neglect of Stoic logic has continued up to the 20th century, as Peripatetic logic received the bulk of attention. Only recently has it gained the respect and attention it deserves (64).






Luhtala, Anneli. 2000. On the Origin of Syntactical Description in Stoic Logic. Münster: Nodus.



Other texts, cited by Luhtala:


[Note, I did not see Galen’s Institutio Logica in the Bibliography list. Perhaps it is a part of the text that is listed:

Galen. Gelaeni de placitis Hippocratis et Platonis. Edition, translation and Commentary by Phillip de Lacy. Corpus Medicorum Graecorum. V.4.1.2. Berlin: Academie-Verlag 1978-80.



Gould, Josiah B . 1970. The Philosophy of Chrysippus. Leiden: E. J. Brill / Albany: State University of New York Press.



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