## 10 Apr 2014

### Archimedes’ “On the Equilibrium of Planes”, Prop 5

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Archimedes

On the Equilibrium of Planes

or

The Centres of Gravity of Planes,

Book I

Proposition 5

[The following is quotation]

Proposition 5.

P5. If three equal magnitudes have their centres of gravity on a straight line at equal distances, the centre of gravity of the system will coincide with that of the middle magnitude.

[This follows immediately from Prop. 4.]

Corollary 1
Cor 1. The same is true of any odd number of magnitudes if those which are at equal distances from the middle one are equal, while the distances between their centres of gravity are equal.

Corollary 2
Cor. 2. If there be an even number of magnitudes with their centres of gravity situated at equal distances on one straight line, and if the two middle ones be equal, while those which are equidistant from- them {on each side) are equal respectively, the centre of gravity of the system is the middle point of the line joining the centres of gravity of the two middle ones.

(Heath 191)

From:

Archimedes. “On the Equilibrium of Planes or The Centres of Gravity of Planes, Book I”. In The Works of Archimedes. Ed. T.L. Heath. Cambridge UP, 1897. Obtained at

https://archive.org/details/worksofarchimede00arch