12 May 2000 Subordinating Conjunctions (Conjunctions of Subordination), in L'Huillier, Advanced French Grammar

presentation of L'Huillier's work, by Corry Shores

[Subsection headings are my own]

Monique L'Huillier

Advanced French Grammar

1. Framework

1.1 Parts of Speech

1.1.9 Conjunctions

There are two conjunction types, coordinating and subordinating. Subordinating Conjunctions (Conjunctions of Subordination)

(i) Introduction Function

Subordinating conjunctions introduce a subordinate clause.

(ii) Simple and Compound Subordinating Conjunctions

1) Simple,

e.g. que, quand, comme, si

2) Compound forms with que

avant que (before)

après que (after, when)

pour que (so, so that, in order that)

lorsque (when, as)

puisque (since, as)

quoique (though, although)

(iii) Que-Clauses

We use the conjunction que to introduce que-clauses (or propositions complétives)

(iv) Adverbial Clauses

There are other conjunctions that we use in order to introduce an adverbial clause (circonstancielle). These adverbial clauses may be regarding time, place, aim, consequence, condition, and so forth.


Lorsqu’il fait mauvais temps, personne one sort.

When we use a subordinating conjunction, there are different moods we might employ for the subordinate clause. Those moods are either the indicative or the subjunctive.

L'Huillier, Monique. Advanced French Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
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